Every day on television or radio, we hear about the importance of oral care and how important it is to brush your teeth at least twice daily. Plaque begins to form on the tooth surface within four to twelve hours after brushing our teeth. To prevent this from happening, it is very important to brush your teeth at least twice a day, and at least after every meal to prevent gum disease and recession.


What is gum disease, and can it be prevented?

Periodontal disease (or gum disease) affects the tissue, such as gums, that supports and attaches to your teeth. The best way to prevent gum disease is to apply quality oral care. This means you should brush your teeth regularly, floss between meals and also use mouthwash whenever you can.

An electric toothbrush provides more cleaning through the rotating head and can reach up to the gums. Make sure you also use fluoride toothpaste.


What causes gum disease?

Bacterial plaque is one of the primary causes of periodontal disease. Plaque is a sticky, colourless layer that constantly forms on the teeth, but poor oral hygiene, in general, is also a contributing factor. It could also be hereditary and foods that are typically high in acid can also irritate your gums, or perhaps you are brushing too overzealously.

Periodontal disease can take different forms and can affect one or more teeth. It starts as soon as the bacteria in plaque cause inflammation in the gums. Gum disease is a source of chronic inflammation and when bacteria end up in your bloodstream, it can drastically increase your chances of heart disease and diabetes, among other things.

Despite popular belief, gum disease is not only limited to the gums but can also occur on the tongue and the inside of the cheeks. It is usually characterised by a white layer forming inside the cheeks or on the tongue.


How does one identify periodontal diseases?

The gums are usually red, swollen, and starts to bleed easily while brushing your teeth. There is usually no discomfort in the early stages of the disease. It is important to know that Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral hygiene. Untreated gingivitis can, however, lead to advanced gingivitis or periodontitis because plaque spreads and grows under the gums.


How is gum disease treated?

In order to prevent gum disease from getting worse, you should visit your dentist, who will do a deep cleaning of your teeth and gums. Root treatment removes bacteria at the root of the tooth and can be done by laser. In fact, a laser is nowadays used more effectively against periodontal diseases.

At Simply Teeth Essex, we offer a free assessment consultation to check for any signs and symptoms of gum disease, or any other issues that you may have with your teeth.