Having straight clean teeth is essential to a healthy looking smile. Teeth without damage and jaw problems can boost your self-confidence. Teeth braces work by constantly putting pressure on your teeth and slowly encouraging them to move into the correct position.

The sight of teenagers and adults wearing braces is common to many of us today. Teeth braces have long been used to straighten crooked teeth and align the bite. Solid evidence of ancient usage of braces (makeshift bands) has been discovered on some ancient Egyptian Mummies. But, things have changed so much since then. Whether you want to close a pesky gap or correct painful bites, braces can make great improvements to your life.

If you’ve planned to wear teeth braces, knowing how these tiny braces work will help you feel a lot more secure by heading into the process. To fully understand the functionalities of braces, you must at first be aware of the major components that help in the process.

Components of Teeth Braces

Braces contain lots of parts which work together to slowly straighten your teeth. These include Brackets, Arch Wire, Orthodontic Bands, Spacers and Ligature Elastics. Each of these parts together promotes functioning and keeping the braces in place.


These are tiny tooth coloured ceramic, plastic or metal squares that are glued onto each of your teeth.

Arch Wire

It is a long, thin piece of wire that connects the brackets. It’s made of metal and is designed to help pull the teeth towards one another to bring the alignment.

Bonding Material

This is a mouth-friendly glue that links your individual teeth to each bracket.


Also referred to as an O-ring, Ligature is the well-known parts of braces which help to connect the archwire and the bracket. With a choice of colour, they do a lot of the heavy lifting when it comes to straightening your teeth. They’re usually tightened and switched out each time you visit your orthodontist.


Spacers are the spacebars that go in between your individual teeth. This will create the space which allows the bands to fit comfortably in between the teeth.

Orthodontic Bands

These are rings of metal that fit around the molars. The bands are selected from a range of sizes and are fitted carefully. The bands are sealed in position using dental cement that contains fluoride, which helps to prevent decalcification during treatment.


These rubber bands attach to hooks on brackets and connect the upper and lower teeth. These will help in correcting your bite by applying pressure to move the teeth and to achieve a perfect fit and a good bite.

There are a few more parts that you may or may not need to have, but these are the most common parts of braces.

Working of Braces

It’s the archwire that puts most of the pressure on your teeth, while many of the other parts (like the brackets) work to hold it in place. If you particularly have a stubborn tooth, your dentist may recommend that you need to use things like rubber bands to increase the amount of pressure.

Your teeth are cushioned by the tissue of your gums. Underneath your gums, you have a Periodontal Membrane, which shields the lower half of your teeth.

Your teeth are connected to the two “prong-like” portions called the Alveolar Bones. So when braces encourage your actual teeth to move, they also put pressure on the Periodontal Membrane.

One side of this membrane will stretch out, allowing the teeth to move. The bars and bands will then push it from the other side, creating enough space for the teeth to safely shift.

In short, the function that Braces do can be described as bone remodelling which at the end, is actually strengthening your teeth. So every time some pressure is applied to your teeth, it gets stronger. In fact, this pressure helps to create new types of cells, which will help to give you better bone density.

Braces can improve your life in a variety of ways regardless of your age, profession, or even current confidence level.

If you would like to know more about Braces in Essex and need a dentist consultation Click here.