The use of lasers across all industries has been revolutionary to how we perform certain operations, dentistry is no exception. But what is laser gum treatment? 

What is Laser Dentistry?

The process of laser gum treatment uses a highly concentrated beam of light to treat dental problems. When the light hits the affected tissue or tooth it produces a reaction, allowing it to remove or shape the infected area.

Traditional treatment methods can be lengthy and painful procedures. Alternatively, lasers offer a more efficient, cost effective, and comfortable for the client.

There are two types of lasers (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) currently in use hard tissue or soft tissue lasers.

The soft tissue lasers are used for:

  • Soft tissue lasers can be used to fix gum lines. Most dentist would deem this as cosmetic surgery but it does fix ‘gummy smiles’.
  • Treating tongue frenulum attachment. Some patients have a thick or tight frenulum attachment. Particularly helpful to children whose frenulum causes difficulty when being breastfed.
  • Removing soft tissue folds. Lasers can be used in patients who are suffering from ill-fitting dentures.

The hard tissue lasers are used for:

  • Treating tooth sensitivity. Teeth can be sensitive to hot and cold by sealing tubules on the tooths’ root this sensitivity can be dramatically reduced.
  • Cavity detection. Lasers can be useful for the early detection of cavities.

Benefits of lasers over traditional dentistry methods.

  • A reduced need for sutures (only soft tissue lasers).
  • Reduced chance of bacteria infection, lasers not only completed the treatment but have the added bonus of sterilising around the area.
  • The procedure often leads to less damage to the surrounding area.
  • There is less bleeding when treating soft tissue because the lasers increase blood clotting.

Treating gum disease

Gum disease known as Periodontal disease is a collective of conditions that affect the surrounding tissue of teeth. In its early stages, it’s known as gingivitis which is when the gums have become swollen, red and sometimes bleed.

The build-up of bacteria which infects the tissue surrounding teeth is the leading cause of gum disease. The biggest risk factors include; smoking, diabetes, bad eating habits, medications and family history. Good oral hygiene will reduce the risk of gum disease and regular visits for professional cleaning. 

If you believe you are suffering from gum disease book a consultation with your dentist.

Periodontal laser treatment entails your dentist accessing and removing inflamed gum tissue from around the root of the tooth with a laser. The next stage of the process is root scaling, this involves removing calculus and plaque built up below the gum line and around the root. Your dentist will then smooth the surface area and remove any rough spots left behind after treatment, preventing future infection.

Finally, post laser gum treatment, maintain a good oral hygiene programme to avoid gum disease from re-occurring.